Topic: From Juvenile Incarceration to Adult Inmate
It cost $100,000 more a year to Incarcerate a youth then it cost to educate them.
Youth Incarceration Costs: $112,555
National Cost to Attend High School Per Student: $12,508
Annual Cost of Juvenile Incarceration vs. Other Youth Investment – Chapter 4 -Page 175
National Estimated Average of US Youths Incarceration: over 500,000 a year
Asian American: 3%
Hispanic American: 11%
Native American: 25%
It’s also estimated that between 50 and 75 percent of adolescents who have spent time in juvenile detention centers are incarcerated later in life.
National Estimated Average of US Adult Incarceration: 1 out of 110 adults
Asian American: 1%
Hispanic American: 22%
Native American: 2%
Inmate Gender: Female: 7% Male: 93%
Federal Bureau of Prisons
Negative Peer Pressure (Low Self-esteem)
No career direction (No long-term or self-evaluation goals)
Substance Abuse (Drug and Alcohol involvement)
How the 100% Graduation Rate Program Address the Problem:
- We met with the student and their parent to sign a 4-year agreement to graduate on time.
- We met with student’s probation officer; if they were on juvenile probation.
- We met with school officials if any student was suspended.
- We talked with student’s parents if students developed a school lateness and absenteeism problem of 3 days or more.
- We develop a support system with our local County Prosecutor’s Office.
- We attend court with the student and their parents for their first offense.
- We developed an after high school plan with our students in the 11th grade.
- We conduct a two-year follow up interview session with the student or their parent after high school completion.
100% Graduation Rate Program Results:
Camden, New Jersey – **Program Participants Group B (105) compared to Program Sample Group A (105)
The Male Program participants had a 16% lower rate of Juvenile Detention. Compared to the City’s sample group of males – 20% (21 out of 105) to 4% (4 out of 105).
Each year, the City’s two largest high schools – Camden High and Woodrow Wilson – Guidance Departments selected 15 incoming high school freshmen for the program. These students were classified as at-risk, based on having grades below C in Math and/or Reading, or had a poor student behavior problem.
The students were then randomly assigned to a Program Group- A (Non-treatment) or Group B (Program Treatment) – based on their seating during the program’s orientation.
School Districts should work with Family Courts, Community Organizations, and Churches to:
- develop guidelines for in-school and out of school student conduct violations, which includes parent involvement.
- organize 7-day wraparound services, which include drug testing, school completion work, and individual and family counseling.
- mandate a 6 month to a year 4-Step restitution program for non-violent student offenses.